• By-Laws

    ARTICLE I - NAME

    The name of this organization shall be the U.S. NATIONAL COMMITTEE ON BIOMECHANICS. It was duly formed on April 21, 1982 at New Orleans, Louisiana, USA.

    ARTICLE II - PURPOSE

    The purpose of the Committee shall be to encourage research in all branches of biomechanics and to speak on behalf of the U.S. biomechanics research committee. To do this, the U.S. National Committee on Biomechanics will: 1) provide an identifiable organization to which funding agencies, the National Academy of Science, the National Academy of Engineering, the National Research Council, and other agencies interested in biomechanics research, can relate; 2) act in an advisory/coordinating/facilitating role in the formation of international meetings; and 3) promote cooperation among member societies with regard to technical activities in the area of  biomechanics.

    ARTICLE III – MEMBERSHIP AND ELECTION TO MEMBERSHIP

    1. Founding Societies 

    These societies shall be known as Founding Societies:  

    • Alliance of Engineering in Medicine and Biology
    • American Institute of Chemical Engineers
    • American Orthopaedics Society for Sports Medicine
    • American Physical Society
    • American Physiological Society
    • American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
    • American Society of Biomechanics
    • American Society of Civil Engineers
    • American Society for Engineering Education
    • American Society of Mechanical Engineers
    • Biomedical Engineering Society
    • Microcirculatory Society
    • Orthopaedic Research Society
    • Society of Automotive Engineers
    • Society for Experimental Mechanics, Inc.
    • Society of Rheology

    2. Member Societies

    The Founding Societies are Member Societies. Other professional societies whose members are engaged in biomechanics research may also become Member societies by vote of the USNCB at a duly constituted meeting or by electronic ballot.  


    3. Representatives

    Each person representing a Member Society shall be duly appointed by that Society. His or her term and manner of appointment shall be determined by that Society. Such persons shall be called Member Representatives. The USNCB may increase the number of its Representatives by one-third  through election of Representatives-at-Large at a duly constituted  meeting or by electronic vote. Representatives-at-Large shall serve at  least two-year terms, and shall vote at USNCB meetings. Member Representatives and Representatives-at-Large shall be known collectively as Representatives.  


    4. Observers

    The USNCB may invite Observers to its meetings. Observers shall be non-voting, and shall serve a two-year term.

    ARTICLE IV – OFFICERS

    The Officers of USNCB shall consist of a Chair, Vice-Chair, and Secretary-Treasurer. Offices vacated at the expiration of a term shall be filled by vote of the Representatives at a duly constituted Meeting. Appointments for the remainder of the term of positions vacated by reasons of death or resignation shall be by majority vote of the Executive Committee.


    1. Chair

    The Chair shall preside at all meetings of USNCB and at the meetings of the Executive Committee, and shall exercise the usual duties of the Office of Chair. He/she shall serve for a period of two years.
     

    2. Vice-Chair

    The Vice-Chair shall serve two years. At the conclusion of his or her two-year term, the Vice-Chair shall automatically assume the position of Chair. The Vice-Chair shall preside in the absence of the Chair. In the event of resignation, incapacity, or death of the Chair, the Vice-Chair shall automatically succeed to the Office of Chair, serve the remainder of the Chair’s term, and then serve two additional years as Chair.


    3. Secretary-Treasurer

    The Secretary-Treasurer shall serve for two years. As Secretary, he/she will keep the minutes of the meetings of the Committee and of the Executive Committee. He/ she shall conduct the official correspondence of the Committee and carry on the usual duties of a Secretary. As part of this duty, he/she shall report on Committee business at a duly constituted meeting of the USNCB, and report, once a year, all the business done by the Executive Committee. As Treasurer, he/she shall assume custody of all USNCB funds, and shall  pay all USNCB bills. At least once a year, he/she shall report the state  of USNCB financial affairs.

    ARTICLE V - THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE

    1. Membership

    There shall be an Executive Committee which shall be composed of the Chair, Vice-Chair, Secretary-Treasurer, and four Members-at-Large.
     

    2. Members-at-Large

    Each Member-at-Large is elected for a two year term except as specified below. During the first three years, the first Member-at-Large will serve a full three-year term, the second Member-at-Large will serve a two-year term, and the third Member-at-Large will serve a one-year term. Thereafter, Members-at-Large will be elected for two-year terms

    ARTICLE VI – MEETINGS

    1. Meetings and Agenda

    There shall be at least one meeting of the USNCB per year, the site and time of which shall be determined by the Executive Committee. The agenda shall be prepared by the Executive Committee, and transmitted to the Representatives at least one month prior to the proposed meeting. Only Representatives and invited Guests shall have the privilege of the floor.


    2. Duly Constituted Meeting of USNCB

    A duly constituted meeting of USNCB is a meeting at which six representatives including three equaling 1/5 of the Executive Committee members, one of whom is the Chair are in attendance.
     

    3. Guests

    Guests may be invited by Representatives, providing the Secretary is notified prior to the meeting, but the number of guests may be limited by the Executive Committee.

    ARTICLE VII – ELECTIONS

    Elections of Officers shall be by ballot and shall be held at a duly constituted meeting of the USNCB or by electronic vote. Nominations for Officers and members of any such committees as may be required shall be entertained from the Representatives attending the USNCB meeting or when solicited.

    ARTICLE VIII – DUES AND FISCAL YEAR

    No dues are anticipated for USNCB Members. Representatives shall participate in USNCB meetings at no expense to USNCB. If USNCB receives funds for a specific purpose, the disbursement of such funds shall be in accordance with the budget received from the funding agency. In the event that the Committee receives funds for disbursement, the Committee’s fiscal year shall be from January 1st through December 31st each year.

    ARTICLE IX – AMENDMENTS

    These By-Laws may be amended by a two-thirds affirmative vote of the Representatives present and voting at a duly constituted USNCB meeting or by electronic vote. Proposals for amendment shall not be considered unless they have been signed by two Representatives, then submitted to the Secretary-Treasurer in writing at least 30 days in advance of and circulated to the Representatives of USNCB at least one month in advance of a duly constituted UNSCB meeting or an electronic vote.

    ARTICLE X – GOVERNANCE

    The proceedings of USNCB and the Executive Committee, and the duties of the Officers, where not specifically designated, shall be governed by Roberts Rules of Order.

    ARTICLE XI – ATTENDANCE

    Except for the required attendance of four Executive Committee members, no specific number of Representatives is required to hold a duly constituted meeting of the USNCB.

    ARTICLE XII – A NONPROFIT ORGANIZATION

    The U.S. National Committee on Biomechanics is organized exclusively for educational and scientific purposes. No part of the net earnings of the Committee shall inure to the benefit of or be distributed to its  Members, Officers, or other private persons except as the Committee shall be authorized and empowered to pay reasonable compensations for services rendered and to make payments and distributions in furtherance of the purposes set forth above. No substantial part of the activities of the Committee shall be the carrying on of propaganda, or otherwise attempting to influence legislation, and the Committee shall not participate in, or intervene in any political campaign on behalf of any candidate for public office. These activities shall be within the boundaries outlined for an organization exempt from Federal Income Tax under Section 501 (c) (3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954. Upon the dissolution of the Committee, the Executive Committee shall, after paying or making provisions for the payment of all of the liabilities of the Committee, dispose of all the assets exclusively for the purpose of the Committee in such a manner which will at the time qualify as an exempt organization under Section 501 (c) (3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954.